American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Verifying Wheat-Chickpea Varieties for Double Cropping on the Vertiosols of Central Highland of Ethiopia

Climate change, land scarcity, and anthropogenic factors are the major challenges to agricultural productivity and cause food insecurity to feed the ever-increasing human population. Vertiosols in the central highlands of Ethiopia have the potential to produce a second crop using residual moisture after harvesting the main crop within the same cropping calendar. Farmers are practising double cropping using local varieties because there are neither verified research outputs nor awareness and promotion that support the practise of double cropping in the area. Field experiments were conducted during the 2021 and 2022 cropping seasons at Ejersa Lafo and Dandi districts in the West Shewa zone to evaluate the economic and agronomical feasibility of wheat-chickpea in double cropping combinations. The treatments consisted of four bread wheat varieties (Wane, Dursa, Abay, and Kakaba) and three chickpea varieties (Teketay, Dalot, and Natoli). The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The combined result showed that Dursa and Kakaba wheat varieties required the smallest number of days to mature (118 days), whereas Abay and Wane required 125 and 132 days to reach maturity, respectively. Kakaba and Abay varieties produced the highest thousand seed weight and grain yield, whereas Dursa varieties produced a statistically (P< 0.05) lower yield and thousand seed weight than the other varieties. The results indicate that the interaction of bread wheat and chickpea varieties had a significant effect on the grain yield of chickpea. Teketay chickpea variety double cropped with Kakaba bread wheat variety gave the highest grain yield (2595.15 kg ha–1). The highest economic benefit (ETB 235193 ha-1) with the highest MRR (275%) resulted from the Teketay chickpea variety, which was double cropped with the Kakaba bread wheat variety. Therefore, Kakaba bread wheat variety and Teketay chickpea variety could be recommended for double cropping on the vertiosol of the west Shewa zone (Dandi and Ejersa Lafo districts) and similar agroecologies.

Bread Wheat, Chickpea Variety, Economic Feasibility

APA Style

Chala, M., Chalchissa, C., Addisu, B. (2023). Verifying Wheat-Chickpea Varieties for Double Cropping on the Vertiosols of Central Highland of Ethiopia. American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 11(6), 103-108. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bio.20231106.12

ACS Style

Chala, M.; Chalchissa, C.; Addisu, B. Verifying Wheat-Chickpea Varieties for Double Cropping on the Vertiosols of Central Highland of Ethiopia. Am. J. BioSci. Bioeng. 2023, 11(6), 103-108. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20231106.12

AMA Style

Chala M, Chalchissa C, Addisu B. Verifying Wheat-Chickpea Varieties for Double Cropping on the Vertiosols of Central Highland of Ethiopia. Am J BioSci Bioeng. 2023;11(6):103-108. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20231106.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Assefa, E., 2015. Characterization and classification of the major agricultural soils in cascape intervention woredas in the central highlands of Oromia region. CASCAPE report. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. (Library. wur. nl/WebQuery/isric/2259411).
2. Bedane, H. R., Beketie, K. T., Fantahun, E. E., Feyisa, G. L. and Anose, F. A., 2022. The impact of rainfall variability and crop production on vertisols in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Environmental Systems Research, 11(1), pp. 1-19.
3. Beuerlein, J., 2001. Double-Cropping soybeans following wheat. Extension Fact Sheet Available at http://ohioline. osu. edu/agf-fact/pdf/0103. pdf.
4. Chalchissa, C. and Chala, M., 2020. Effect of Phosphorus Fertilizer Levels on Growth and Root Character of Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) Varieties in West Showa Zone, Ejersa Lafo, Ethiopia. Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research.
5. Chalchissa, C., Ashagire, H. I. and Hamza, I., 2020. Effect of phosphorus fertilizer levels on yield and yield component of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties: The case of west Showa zone, Ejersa Lafo, Ethiopia. Adv. Crop Sci. Technol, 8.
6. CSA. (2018). The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Centeral Statistical Agency Agricultural Sample Survey 2017/18 (2010 E. C.): Report on area and production for major crops (private peasant holdings, Meher season). Statistical Bulletin 586: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
7. CSA. (2021). The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency Agricultural Sample Survey 2020/2021 (2013 E. C.): Report on area and production for major crops (private peasant holdings, Meher season). Statistical Bulletin 590: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
8. CIMMYT, From Agronomic Data to Farmer Recommendations: An Economics Workbook, pp. 8–28, CIMMYT, Mexico, 1988.
9. Dabi, A., Mekbib, F. and Desalegn, T., 2019. Genetic variability studies on bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 11(2), pp. 41-54.
10. Ferede, S., Fikre, A. and Ahmed, S., 2018. Assessing the competitiveness of smallholder’s chickpea production in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Crop Science, 6(2), pp. 51-65.
11. Fikre, A., Desmae, H. and Ahmed, S., 2020. Tapping the economic potential of chickpea in sub-Saharan Africa. Agronomy, 10(11), p. 1707.
12. Gezahegn, A. M., Tafes, B. and Eshetu, S., 2022. Boosting Chickpea Production by Optimizing Inter-Row and Intra row Spacing at Central Highlands of Ethiopia. International Journal of Agronomy, 2022.
13. Haileyesus, D. and Mekuriaw, A., 2021. The adoption impact of wheat-chickpea double cropping on yield and farm income of smallholder farmers in Central Highlands of Ethiopia: the case of Becho district. Heliyon, 7(6), p. e07203.
14. Jemberu, T., Fikre, A., Abeje, Y., Tebabal, B., Worku, Y. and Jorgi, T., 2018. Agronomic and economic evaluation of wheat-chickpea double cropping on the Vertisol of Takusa, North Western Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Crop Science, 6(2), pp. 67-78.
15. Kumar, S., Das, A., Hauser, M., Muricho, G., Degefu, T., Fikre, A.,... & Varshney, R. K. (2022). Estimating the potential to close yield gaps through increased efficiency of chickpea production in Ethiopia. Food Security, 14(5), 1241-1258.
16. Rawal, V. and Navarro, D. K., 2019. Chickpea: transformation in production conditions. The global economy of pulses. V. Rawal and DK Navarro, (eds.). FAO, Rome, pp. 26-38.
17. R. C. Littell, G. A. Milliken, W. W. Stroup, and R. D. Wolfinger, SAS System for Mixed Models, SAS Inst., Cary, NC, 2nd edition, 2006.
18. Verkaart, S., Munyua, B. G., Mausch, K. and Michler, J. D., 2017. Welfare impacts of improved chickpea adoption: A pathway for rural development in Ethiopia. Food policy, 66, pp. 50-61.
19. Zegeye, Fisseha, Bamlaku Alamirew, and Degefa Tolossa. "Analysis of wheat yield gap and variability in Ethiopia." Agricultural Economics 5, no. 4 (2020): 89-98.