Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2020, Page: 17-26
Evaluation of Some Physicochemical Parameters of Compost Produced from Coffee Pulp and Locally Available Organic Matter at Dale District, Southern Ethiopia
Giche Yadesa Hirpa, Department of Biology, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
Received: Apr. 22, 2020;       Accepted: May 14, 2020;       Published: May 27, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.bio.20200802.11      View  134      Downloads  44
Inadequate disposal of coffee waste have led to serious environmental problems, and requiring efficient measures to recycling these wastes. Composting is thus, environmental friendly option for utilization of this waste. Therefore this study was to evaluate some physicochemical parameters of compost produced from coffee pulp with cow dung and enset leaf (Ensete ventricosum). Treatments were built in randomized complete block design with proportions of treatment one (90% of coffee pulp and 10% of top soil), treatment two (65% of coffee pulp, 25% of cow dung and 10% of top soil), treatment three (65% of coffee pulp, 25% of enset leaf and 10% of top soil) and treatment four (50% of coffee pulp, 20% of cow dung, 20% of enset leaf and 10% of top soil). It conducted for 80 days, from December 28, 2018 to March 17, 2019. Some physicochemical parameters were determined at 25, 55 and 80 days of composting and mean value of bulk density, moisture content, pH, electric conductivity, organic matter, total organic carbon, total nitrogen, total phosphorous, total potassium and C/N ratio were 483.6kg/m3–487.11kg/m3, 50.74%–52.43%, 7.45-8.36, 3.08mS/cm-3.42mS/cm, 45.26%-46.99%, 26.19%-27.27%, 1.54%-1.61%, 0.41%-0.59%, 0.75%-1.15% and 17.5-18.44 respectively. pH of treatment four was more neutral than from all and total potassium of treatment four was more appropriate for nutrient content than the rest. Thus, experimental results showed that treatment four was better for quality compost preparation and provides baseline information for coffee pulp waste management simultaneously.
Composting, Experiment, Physicochemical Parameters, Proportions, Treatment
To cite this article
Giche Yadesa Hirpa, Evaluation of Some Physicochemical Parameters of Compost Produced from Coffee Pulp and Locally Available Organic Matter at Dale District, Southern Ethiopia, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 17-26. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20200802.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abebe Sisay (2015). “Evaluation of Compost Stability and Maturity of Floriculture Solid Waste in a Windrow System”. MSc. Thesis Submitted To School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Alemayehu Haddis and Rani D. (2008). "Effect of Effluent Generated from Coffee Processing Plant on the Water Bodies and Human Health in its Vicinity". Journal of Hazardous Materials, 152 (4), 259-262.
Andrea K., Headyn A., Jamroz E. and Bekier J. (2018). “The Dynamics of Some Physical and Physico-chemical Properties during Composting of Municipal Solid Wastes and Biomass of Energetic Plants”. Journal of waste management, 69 (3), 155-159.
Bayetta Bellachew (2001). Arabica Coffee Breeding for Yield and Resistance to Coffee Berry Disease (Colletotricum kahawah sp.). Doctoral Thesis, Imperial College Wye University, London.
Bernal, M. P., Alburquerque, J., and Moral, R., (2009). “Composting of Animal Manures and Chemical Criteria for Compost Maturity Assessment”. Journal of Bioresource Technology, 100 (22), 5444-5453.
Biotreat (2003). Interpretation of Results Report. National Food Biotechnological Centre, University College Cork, Ireland.
Brinton WF (2000). Compost Quality Standards and Guidelines: An International View. Woods Ends Research Laboratory, Interpretation of Waste and Compost Tests. Journal of the Wood and Research Laboratory, 1 (4), 1-6.
Dayanand S., Sudharsan V., Kunwar D., Yadav A. and Kalamdhad S. (2017). “Evolution of Chemical and Biological Characterization during Agitated Pile Composting of Flower Waste”. International Journal of Recycle Organic Waste Agriculture, 6 (3), 89-98.
Dessalegn Dadi (2018). Valorization of Coffee Byproducts Via Biomass Conversion Technologies. Dissertation for Obtaining a Doctorate Degree at Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Dessalegn Dadi, Hameed Sulaiman and Seyoum Leta (2012). “Evaluation of Composting and the Quality of Compost from the Source Separated Municipal Solid Waste”. Journal of Environmental Management, 16 (1), 5-10.
EEPA (2004). Ethiopian Environmental Protection Authority (EFEPA). Guidelines on Composting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
El-haddad M., Zayed M., and El-satar A. (2014). Evaluation of Compost, Vermicompost and their Teas Produced from Rice Straw as Affected by Addition of Different Supplements. Annals of Agricultural Sciences, 59 (2), 243–251.
Endale werako (2016). Composting of Coffee Husk and Pulp and Co-digest with other Organic Wastes. MSc. Thesis Submitted To School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Fan L., Soccol A., Pandey, A. and Soccol, C. (2003). “Cultivation of Pleurotus Mushrooms on Brazilian Coffee Husk and Effects of Caffeine and Tannic Acid”. Journal of International Applied Microbiology, 15 (1), 15-21.
Fekadu Shemekit, Gomez B., Franke W., Praehauser, B., Insam H. (2014). “Coffee Husk Composting an Investigation of the Process Using Molecular and Non-Molecular Tools”. Journal of Waste Management, 34 (3), 642-652.
Ferew Kebede (2012). “Management Strategies for Improving Manure Nutrient Use Efficiency and Productivity of Subsistent Farmers in Enset-based Farming Systems of Southern Ethiopia.” MSc. Thesis Submitted To School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Franca A., Oliveira L., (2009). Coffee Processing Solid Wastes: Current Uses and Future Perspectives. New York, Nova Publishers.
Gezahegn Degefe, Seyoum Mengistou and Said Mohammed (2016). “Physico-chemical Evaluation of Coffee Husk, Wastes of Enset (Enset Ventricosum), Vegetable and Khat (Catha Edulis) Through Vermicomposting Employing an Epigeic Earthworm Dendrobaena Veneta’’ African Journal of Biotechnology, 15 (20), 884-890.
Henok Kassa, and Tenaw Workayew (2014). “Evaluation of Some Additives on Coffee Residue (Coffee Husk and Pulp) Quality as Compost, Southern Ethiopia”. International Invention Journal of Agricultural and Soil Science, 2 (2), 14-21.
Herity, L (2003). A Study of the Quality of Waste Derived Compost in Ireland. MSc. Thesis Submitted to School of Graduate Studies of Belfast Queens University, Belfast, Ireland.
ICO, (2013). Coffee Trade statistics. International Coffee Organization.
Jayapriya, S., and Ravi, J. (2015). “Evaluation of In-vessel Co-composting of Yard Waste and Development of Kinetic Models for Co-composting”. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, 4 (3), 157-165.
Labouisse, J., Bayetta Bellachew, S. Kotecha and B. Bertrand (2008). “Current Status of Coffee (Coffea Arabica L.) Genetic Resources in Ethiopia: Implications for Conservation”. Journal of Genetic Resource Crop Evolution, 55 (17), 1079-1093.
Liu, K. and Price G. (2011). “Evaluation of Three Composting Systems for the Management of Spent Coffee Grounds”. Journal of Bioresource Technology 102 (17), 7966-7974.
Mahabub Yusuf (2008). “Composting of Khat and Related Materials as Solid Waste Management option”. MSc. Thesis Submitted To School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Muno P. (2003). Analysis of Green Waste Compost from Dublin City Council and Interpretation of Results. GW 62, Dublin, Bord Na Mona publisher.
Murthy P. S. and Naidu M. M. (2012). Sustainable Management of Coffee Industry By-products and Value Addition a Review. Resource Conservation Recycle, 66 (3), 45-58.
Pandey, A., Soccol, C., Nigan, P., Brand, D., Mohan, F. and Rovossos, S. (2000). “Biotechnological Potential of Coffee Pulp and Husk for Bio-process”. Journal of Biochemical Engineer 6 (3), 153-162.
Preethu D., Prakash B., Srinivasamurthy C., and Vasanthi B. (2007). “Evaluate the Quality of Compost of Coffee Waste Blended with other Organic Wastes”. International Journal of Solid Waste Management, 5 (3), 270-275.
Reyes-torres, M., Oviedo-ocana, E. R., Dominguez, I., Komilis, D., and Sanchez, A. (2018). "A Systematic Review on the Composting of Green Waste: Feedstock Quality and Optimization Strategies". Journal of Waste Management, 77 (6), 486-499.
Ryckeboer, J., Mergert, J., Coosemans, J., Deprins, K. and Swings, J. (2003b). “Microbiological Aspects of Bio-Waste during Composting in Monitored Compost Bin”. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 94, 127-137.
Sahlemedhin Sestu and Taye Bekele (2000). Procedure for Soil and Plant analysis. Addis Ababa, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization.
Tadesse Getahun, Abebe Nigusie, Tafera Entele, Gerven, V. and Bruggen, D. (2012b). “Effect of Turning Frequencies on Composting Biodegradable Municipal Solid Waste Quality”. Journal of Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 65 (2), 79-84.
Tadesse Woldemariam, and Feyera Senbeta (2008). Sustainable Management and Promotion of Forest Coffee in Bale. Ethiopia, Bale Eco-Region Sustainable Management Program SOS Sahel/FARM-Africa.
Tandon S., (2005). Fertilizers, Organic Manures and Bio-fertilizers. New Delhi, India. Fertilizer Development and Consultation Organization.
Taye Kufa (2013). Status of Arabica Coffee Germplasm in Ethiopia. Ethiopia, EIAR/Jimma Research Center.
Tiquia, S., Wan, J., and Tam, N. (2002). “Microbial Population Dynamics and Enzyme Activities during Composting”. Journal of Environmental Pollution, 110 (3), 535-541.
USCC, (2003). Soil Test Analysis Test Parameters. Test Methods for the Examination of Composting and Compost.
Vega, F. E., (2008). The Rise of Coffee. Journal of American Scientist, 96 (2), 138-145.
Wang P., Changa C., Watson M., Dick W., Chen Y., and Hoitink H. (2004). “Maturity Indices for Composted Dairy and Pig Manures”. Journal of Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 36 (7), 767- 776.
Zhang J., Chen G., Sun H., Zhou S., and Zou G., (2016). “Straw Biochar Hastens Organic Matter Degradation and Produces Nutrient Rich Compost”. Journal of Bioresource Technology, 200 (12), 876-883.
Browse journals by subject